As the coronavirus continues to evolve and become more virulent, there are many unanswered questions as there has been no proper clinical or scientific studies that have been conducted on it yet with regards to its properties etc as the 2019-nCoV coronavirus only made its maiden debut in December 2019.
There are questions about how long a virus such as the coronavirus, can survive outside a bunch ie on surfaces.
The influenza virus can survive anything between 5 hours up to seven days on another surface depending on the environment temperature and humidity whereas noroviruses that typically attack the gastrointestinal tract, can survive up to a month on surfaces even in hot and dry conditions and may withstand most disinfectants.
Typically most respiratory viruses such as the coronavirus favour a cooler temperature.
There's been no studies done so far on the brand new coronavirus or actually on the SARS virus, its ?close cousin? in relation to how long it could survive outside on surfaces.
It really is wrong to assume that the coronavirus can only just remain active for some hours on surface as suggested by one health organization via its online site, that's claiming it?s the leading source of information on the coronavirus when there is absolutely no scientific proof that. Should anyone get badly infected due to conditions contrary to their advice, they shouldn't hesitate to sue that organization in court for disseminating information that's not yet ascertained scientifically thus causing harm.
Viruses typically are not really living organisms by itself. They are complex bio-molecules that require a full time income cell to end up being active.
To become safe, as we even now do not really know how long these coronavirus can survive on surfaces, its best to disinfect areas that have lots of contact with people whether or not they are showing signs of experiencing been infected or not.
One good way to do this is by deploying ozone gas.
Ozone gas has been proven to kill the SARS coronavirus and since the structure of the brand new 2019-nCoV coronavirus is nearly identical compared to that of the SARS coronavirus, it really is relatively safe to state that it will work on the brand new coronavirus though it must be noted that there is no studies to date except one that is current ongoing n China at the Institute of Virology In Hubei in relation to this. Progress of this study has shown that it works and the study ought to be concluded by the finish of this week and officially released in the journal Virology.
There are more than 17 scientific studies that show Ozone gas can destroy the SARS coronavirus.
Ozone is a naturally occurring gas produced from oxygen atoms. The oxygen molecule comprises of 2 oxygen atoms. These oxygen molecules are broken into atoms by the corona discharge during lightning storms or by UV light from sunlight. Single oxygen atoms cannot exist alone without regrouping back into di-atomic oxygen molecules. During this recombination stage some atoms will regroup into loosely bonded tri-atomic oxygen. This new molecule is called Ozone or O3.
Ozone generators are able to make ozone from normal air and so are normally used as room disinfectants.
The antipathogenic ramifications of ozone have already been substantiated for many decades. Its killing action upon bacteria, viruses, fungi, and in lots of species of protozoa, serve as the basis for its increasing make use of in disinfecting municipal drinking water supplies in cities worldwide.
Typically, viruses are small, independent particles, built of crystals and macromolecules. Unlike bacteria, they multiply only within the host cell. Ozone destroys viruses by diffusing through the protein coat into the nucleic acid core, leading to damage of the viral RNA. At higher concentrations, ozone destroys the capsid or exterior protein shell by oxidation.
Numerous groups of viruses including poliovirus I and 2, human rotavruses, Norwalk virus, Parvoviruses, and Hepatitis A, B and non-A non-B are among many others that are susceptible to the virucidal actions of ozone.
Most research efforts on ozone's virucidal effects experience centered upon ozone's propensity to break apart lipid molecules at sites of multiple bond configuration. Indeed, once the lipid envelope of the virus is fragmented, its DNA or RNA core cannot survive.
Non-enveloped viruses (Adenoviridae, Picornaviridae, namely poliovirus, Coxsachie, Echovirus, Rhinovirus, Hepatitis A and E, and Reoviridae (Rotavirus), also have begun to be studied. Viruses that do not have an envelope are called "naked viruses." They are constituted of a nucleic acid core (manufactured from DNA or RNA) and a nucleic acid coat, or capsid, manufactured from protein. Ozone, however, aside from its well-recognized action upon unsaturated lipids, may also interact with certain proteins and their constituents, namely proteins. Indeed, when ozone touches capsid proteins, protein hydroxides and protein hydroxides and protein hydroperoxides are formed. Viruses haven't any protections against oxidative stress.
The enveloped viruses are usually more sensitive to physico-chemical challenges than are naked virions. Although ozone's effects upon unsaturated lipids is among its best documented biochemical action, ozone may interact with proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids.
The new coronavirus can be an enveloped virus.
There are many types of Ozone generators on the market from huge machines that costs a couple of thousand US Dollars to simple ones that can be bought online from shoppe, lazada etc for as low asThai Baht 350. or about US$10. They are normally used to clean vegetables etc but could also be used to disinfect small room of sizes about 25 to 30 sqm.There are also many shops and web stores in Thailand selling these ozone generators.
A portable ozone generator that can be bought online
Typically ozone generators should only be used by trained personnel as ozone is dangerous to humans. It can destroy your cells lining the mouth area, nasal pathways as well as your lungs. It has the capacity to cause cell mutations and cause cancer. And for all those with othe underlying disease, brief exposure to it can be dangerous.
With all the small ozone generators for small room disinfection, be sure you have a timer rather than be in the room when the machine is on. The machine ought to be operated with windows closed no living thing in the room including pets for about 10 to quarter-hour. (these small machines experience a lesser ozone volume output, thus a longer time is preferred.) Usually do not go into the room for finally 3 hours and upon entering, wear a mask and open all windows and air the area for about quarter-hour first before stepping back in.
(PS: OZONE IS NOT TO BE USED TO TAKE CARE OF ANY DISEASE OR BE CONSUMED OR INHALED IN ANY WAY AS IT IT IS DANGEROUS, IT IS ONLY USED TO DISINFECT AREAS)
For more updates about the China coronavirus epidemic or the Thailand Coronavirus scenario, keep on checking at: https://www.thailandmedical.news/articles/coronavirus
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A. M. Elvis and J. S. Ekta
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SARS: CLEARING THE AIR
Jerome J. Schentag, Pharm. D., Charles Akers, Ph.D., Pamela Campagna, and Paul Chirayath.
Development of a Practical Method for Using Ozone Gas as a Virus Decontaminating Agent
James B. Hudson ,Manju Sharma &Selvarani Vimalanathan